1.0 Coming to Terms with Hard Reality
Builders are like middle aged women. It takes a woman courageous effort, to come to terms with the harsh reality of aging. You can continue to live in a make believe world for months or even couple of years…but natural aging just can't be stopped.
Those who read the signals and adjust their lifestyle, carry on with minimal impact, on their lives. Those who refuse to read signals and adjust lifestyle, end up in medical care.
90% of women are smart enough to admirably adjust and are prepared well in advance. (Salutes to women on Women's Day!!). However, more than 90% of the builders react sluggishly to realities of the market which could affect, if not personal but definitely their financial health.
2.0 Reading Signals Early and Reacting Swiftly
In a booming market, builders were quick to react by resetting prices upward, every week. The possibility of making larger profits drove them to be extra alert
! When market trend shows negativity, it is rightly expected that the same builders would be quick to act, to cut losses. After all, cutting losses is MORE IMPORTANT than making quicker profit
. (In boom, whether one reacts quickly or not, there is profit, always. Its only the quantity of profit that varies.
But in a sliding market, money gets burned. And that could be deadly)
And this is exactly where builders have gone, dreadfully wrong. Even now, many are in a "make believe world"
. Comforting themselves, with grandiose vision of early boom! Unfortunately, they are unaware that they are shooting themselves in the leg. And soon, the self inflicted injuries may aggravate.
Cutting losses by aggressive pricing
in anticipation of worsening market, should have been the mantra 9 to 12 months ago. But the opportunity was lost due to the blind belief that boom is perpetual and negative trend, a flash in the pan. Builders offered small cuts
from August 08 onwards which had absolutely no impact.
There were opportunities as late as September 08 to offer aggressive pricing and convert leads to Sales. But once the negative trend firmed into solid slide, NOTHING could work. Its only in December 08,
after a whole year and a half of negativity, that few builders started to react with larger cuts. But the horses had bolted in September 08 itself. And builders who reacted late, know that the stable is empty.
For the smarter builders, the market has indeed given an opportunity to prepare itself for the future
. Those who have learned the lesson that procrastination will cause misery, may be quick to act during a slide, after the next boom!
3.0 Truth Hurts
Developers are not expected to focus on the larger economy or keep track of business and employment trends, world wide. The primary business is to build and sell. And in the melee, they are either unaware or if aware, ignore emerging trends.
Their outlook is very narrow
and is intensively latched to generating sales at rates, that are not clued to trends. Even when there is appreciable fall in month to month sales, they choose not to look at the root cause.
During last year, we had the opportunity to advise four developers on pricing as well as downsizing.
The exercise reached nowhere with developers shooting down proposals which was based on emerging trends and established facts. These developers could have been winners and built projects, instead of losing crores,
if they had acted diligently.
Since the market situation changes fast, suggested rate will have to be reworked and tinkered every month. What is saleable in May, could be too high in November of the same year.
4.0 Case Studies
Project 10Km from Gachibowli
- Suggested pricing was Rs.2800/sft in May 2008. (Off course the rate is no more acceptable, today) Struggled with high rates and even now carries on, with the overheads mounting.
Project near Guchibowli
- Suggested rate for Villas under Rs.150L, a hot rate at that time in January 2008. For large plot with large Villas. But was priced close to 200L. Also we advised to reduce plot sizes to have Rs.100L villas, which was not agreed. Developer remained adamant and the plots too remain adamantly unsold. Meanwhile, money continues to get burned, since land was purchased partly with Blade fund.
Project 2Km from Narsingi
- Suggested pricing level was Rs.2200/sft in April 2008. Actual launch by developer Rs.3150/sft. Naturally Struggled to book at the price and has been forced to bring price down drasrically
Project near Guchibowli
- July 2008. This is one project where the developers correctly decided not to launch, after discussions thus avoiding hardship and saving money
5.0 Ungainly Sales & Marketing Set Ups
In boom time, any Tom, Dick and Harry in marketing/sales could be a hero. What is surprising was the profligacy of some developers to appoint too many people. And in such scenario, inefficiency spread, like wild fire.
No more than one good guy is required to handle sales of 300 to 400 apartments whether its boom or bust time provided there is management and ground level support. Its absolutely wrong to expect sales to happen, by adding many more staff. If the sales comes down, its due to market situation not because there is insufficient staff! Nor is it because the efficiency of the Manager has come down. Its no use barking up the wrong cabin, while the rate cat is in the Chairman's Chamber.
6.0 Current Outlook
With the economy showing no signs of recovery and elections scheduled to be completed by Mid May, we can not expect any change in the trend which remains negative. As we had commented earlier, till there is appreciable upswing in economy, job security and new job creation, it would be foolish to expect Real Estate Sector to recover early. Global indicators currently point to couple of years of hardship, unless certain positive triggers happen, in between.
The buyers are absolutely uninterested in housing loan rate cuts and freebees. They are interested only in "reasobable" capital cost.
The price of properties will eventually settle at position of cost plus reasonable profit. And this is that part of finely wrapped real estate anatomy, which most developers still feel shy to look at. Its time for them to gather courage, lift the veil and take a deep, hard, close look!
The lowest price reachable in each project will depend on the cost structure of the project and risk associated with it. Though 2 projects may be close by, we can not expect price X in both, due to structural, specification, land cost, land ownership, approval and funding differences.
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